Periodontal disease is an infection of the teeth, gums, and the bone that surrounds the teeth, and it's the leading cause of adult tooth loss. Stopping this condition begins with a thorough diagnosis.
What causes periodontal disease?
The main cause of periodontal disease is the accumulation of plaque, the sticky film of food and the bacteria that forms constantly on your teeth. If plaque isn't removed each day, the bacteria in plaque invade the spaces between the teeth and gums and begin producing toxins. These toxins, combined with your body's reaction to them, destroy the bone around your teeth. And once the bone has been lost, it never grows back on it's own. When too much bone is lost, there's so little support for the teeth, they get loose and have to be removed.