Thursday, January 24, 2013

What is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis, is a swelling and inflammation of the gums, is the first stage of periodontal disease. Gingivitis is cause by the accumulation of plaque, the sticky film of food and bacteria that forms constantly on your teeth. If plaque isn't removed each day, the bacteria in plaque invade the space between the teeth and gums and begin producing toxins. These toxins irritate and inflame the gums, causing them to swell and bleed. Gingivitis is easily reversed, but if it's not caught in time, it can lead to periodontal disease, a more serious infection of the teeth, gums, and jawbone that can lead to tooth loss.

The Warning Signs of Gingivitis
Redness of the gums
Swollen Gums
Bleeding Gums
Foul Breath Odor
Gum Pain or Soreness

Treatment for gingivitis always includes a professional teeth cleaning to remove the plaque build-up from the teeth, some additional steps maybe required. Home care techniques, such as brushing and flossing and using an antibacterial rinse to help kill the bacteria are very important to have healthy gums. More frequent office visit to evaluate and monitor the health of your gums maybe need it if you have been diagnose with gingivitis.

It's very important to treat gingivitis early, before it progresses to periodontal disease and results in bone and tooth loss.